Jack Russell Care – Maintaining A Healthy, Happy Dog

Thankfully, caring for your Jack Russell isn’t as challenging as training him. Because they aren’t prone to many health problems, and they don’t have a coat that requires constant, tedious grooming, the care you need to provide you Jack Russell to make sure he remains healthy and happy is relatively light.

Jack Russell Care Tips

Grooming – Grooming a Jack Russell isn’t difficult, regardless of the type of coat he has. A Jack requires the occasional currycomb to tidy up his short, rough coat, particularly during shedding season. If you give him a good comb or brush twice a week, this should suffice. You’ll discover he is pretty good at keeping himself clean.

Other Jack Russell care that is needed as far as grooming is concerned includes:

Bathing – You will want to give your Jack Russell a bath every 2 months to keep him clean.

Coat trimming – if your Jack has a broken coat he will need to be plucked (especially if he is a show dog) or trimmed with an electric clipper every 6 – 8 weeks. This is relatively easy to do, but if you are not up for the job, there are plenty of professional groomers who will do the job for you.

Nail clipping – you can either learn how to do this yourself or have a professional groomer or your vet do it.

Ears – Twice a month you should check your Jack Russell’s ears to make sure they are healthy and clean. There should be no foul odor, and the skin should be a pleasant pink.

Teeth – Jack Russell Terriers can and will get cavities and periodontal disease if their teeth are not taken care of. Introduce your Jack to teeth brushing at an early age. Also provide him with dentabones, as well as have his teeth cleaned professionally by the vet when needed.

Exercise – Your Jack Russell Terrier needs to be exercised regularly to allow him the opportunity to release his energy, and to prevent him from becoming overweight, which can lead to health problems.

Diet – Your Jack Russell needs to have a well balanced diet. This means putting him on regular food schedule and providing him with the recommended amount of food for his weight. The dog food bag will provide a food guideline based on the weight. However, you should seek the advice of your Jack’s vet to find out what’s best.

In addition, you should refrain from feeding your dog human food. This is because dog food has the nutritional balance your dog needs to stay healthy and strong. Human food can make Jack Russell’s overweight, causing health problems.

Vet – Quality Jack Russell care involves regular checkups at the Vet. Ensure that all of his shots are up to date, and every summer, make sure he is tested for heart worm, and then given heart worm pills to protect him from getting the illness.

Continuous Access to Clean Water – Your Jack Russell always needs to have access to clean water to stay hydrated. Clean water is important to make sure that your Jack Russell isn’t drinking water that contains bacteria or is dirty.

Safe Environment – Make your home hazard free. Think of your Jack Russell as a curious toddler. You need to keep him from finding any objects, foods, cleaning chemicals, electrical wires, or plants that pose a serious health risk to the dog. Keep items such as plants, sharp objects, and cleaning chemicals out of reach by placing them on high shelves, tables or counters, and make sure the floors are clean and free of any food.

You should also ensure that the garbage is never left out so curious doggies won’t get into mischief that could lead to possible choking or sickness from bad food or foods they are allergic too such as chocolate.

Jack Russell care should be a natural part of yours and your dog’s daily routine. Enjoy taking care of your Jack Russell as it is time you get to spend with him, and improves his quality of life.

Choosing Jack Russell Puppies

If you decide to buy a Jack Russell puppy, it helps to know the breed standard to confirm whether or not the puppy you are interested in is healthy and happy. The following are features you should look for when purchasing Jack Russell Puppies.

Head – The head of a Jack Russell should be broad and flat, well balanced and proportioned to suit the body. The skull should narrow towards the eyes and be a reasonable width at the ears.

Ears – The ears are small and should be positioned forward close to the head. They resemble a V shape and are relatively thick. The skin inside the ears should be light pink and clean. The dog shouldn’t scratch his ears or shake his head frequently. This is a sign of infection.

Eyes – The eyes of Jack Russell puppies are almond shaped, dark, and have a look of intelligence and alertness. The eyes should be bright and clear and shouldn’t have any signs of mucus or appear watery. The eyelashes should not rub the eyeball, nor should the whites of the dog’s eyes be yellow.

Nose – Jack Russell’s have black noses. A good indication of a healthy dog is a cool, moist noise. There should be no thick, yellowish discharge coming from the nose.

Mouth – Jacks have strong muscular jaws and cheeks. They have strong, white teeth that form into a perfect scissor bite, with the top teeth slightly extending over the bottom. Keep in mind that Jack Russell puppies have fewer teeth then adults. Puppies have 23 teeth which they will gradually lose as their 42 permanent adult teeth come in.

Check to make sure that the puppy’s gums are healthy and that his breath is not foul smelling.

Body – Jack’s have shallow and narrow bodies. They have straight, strong backs, providing the Jack Russell with a balanced image. The loin is arched slightly.

Tail – Jack Russell’s carry their tails high and proud, and tails are usually about 4 inches in length.

Legs – The forelegs should be strong and straight in perfect alignment. The hind legs are muscular and strong and have good angulations and slightly bent stifles. When looking at them from behind, their hocks should be straight.

Feet – Jack Russell puppies have round, padded wide paws that do not turn outwards or inwards.

Gait – Jack Russell’s should easily move and appear lively when they walk. The legs should be well coordinated and the walk should be straight. Make sure when you select your puppy that you see his gait. This will help you see if he is favoring a leg, foot or any other problems associated with his overall balance.

Coat – The Jack Russell comes in three coat varieties: Smooth, Broken or Rough. Each provides the dog with a different look and requires different grooming. For the most part the coat provides Jack’s with protection from the elements. However, if you are interested in a rough or broken coated Jack, his coat shouldn’t appear wooly.

Color – White should be the dominant color of Jack Russell puppies, but the coat will likely also have black, brown or tan markings, particularly in the head region. Any other colorings are unacceptable in the breed if you intend on showing the dog.

Skin – The skin of a healthy Jack Russell should be smooth and have no growths, scabs, flakes or redness. If the puppy has spotted skin do not be alarmed, this is common in many dogs and is nothing to worry about.

Any reputable breeder will ensure that the Jack Russell puppies they are selling meet all of the above standards. You shouldn’t settle for anything less then the best. A puppy that isn’t healthy means plenty of vet bills, and heartache if he needs to be put down due to his illness.