Jack Russell Training – A Friendly Ball of Energy

The Jack Russell Terrier is a happy, energetic dog breed. They are small in size, but their attitude and strength says otherwise. Jack Russell training is straight forward as they are extremely alert, bold and loyal. They have amusing personalities and their cleverness will astound you.

Jack Russell Terrier’s make a great companion for active individuals and families. They get along well with outsiders, and love to jump and bark.

The Jack Russell has won the hearts of many dog lovers all over the world.

Jack Russell Terrier History

Jack Russell’s have been around for about 200 years and originated in southern England. The Jack Russell Terrier was bred for fox hunting, particularly the European red foxes as Jack’s could also hunt them under ground.

The official name of the Jack Russell Terrier is the Parson Russell Terrier. Their official name came from Reverend John Russell, a famous British huntsman who was renowned for his use of terriers for his passion of fox hunting. The Reverend received the nickname “The Sporting Parson”. That is how his terriers that he bred earned the name Parson Russell’s.

“Jack Russell” was a term that was used and misused after the Parson’s passing. At this time, basically all hunting and working terriers became known as Jack Russells, and held little similarity to the original terriers bread by the Parson.

The Parson Russell Terrier has several distinctions that make them a cut above the average terrier. He has a compact chest that is long and flexible, a strong muzzle and head to hold the fox, and lengthy legs that allow him to keep up with hounds on the hunt.

Today’s Jack Russell Terrier is a credit to his origin, and the hunting instinct is well inbred into his nature.

A Brief Look at Jack Russell’s

The Jack Russell Terrier is extremely friendly, playful and boisterous. They have remarkable intelligence, and require the proper dominance training. In fact, their intelligence, while one of their more favorable characteristics, can also make them difficult to control at times.

Being a terrier, Jack’s naturally enjoy the great outdoors, and love to hunt. However, they also love to play games inside, and are just as happy playing fetch as they would be chasing after a squirrel.

Due to their limitless energy, the Jack Russell Terrier can be a handful, and this is another reason why properly training the breed is an absolute must. Furthermore, although they have a gentle and friendly temperament, they will not tolerate any abuse, even that which is unintentional, from children. Jack’s enjoy playing with children, but the child needs to understand how to play with the dog. For this reason, a Jack Russell Terrier is not recommended for families with young children under the age of 6.

The Jack Russell Terrier is a breed that is true to its roots. Therefore, you need to make sure you fully research Jack Russell’s before making the decision to make one apart of your family.

Finding the Right Jack Russell Terrier Breeders

Finding reputable Jack Russell Terrier breeders shouldn’t be a hard task, due to the breed’s popularity. The best place to look for breeders is to conduct a search online, and in your local or city newspaper. Ideal sites that would have breeder information include:

  • Your national kennel club
  • The Jack Russell Terrier club of your nation

You can also visit the site, phone or email your local human society or Jack Russell rescue place to find out if they have any dogs available.

Regardless of how you choose to locate Jack Russell Terrier breeders, the following are questions you should ask the breeder of your choice to make sure they are serious about breeding quality in their Jack Russell’s:

  • Ask the Jack Russell Terrier breeders if they are registered with the national kennel club or Jack Russell Terrier club. If they are not registered, why not? If they are not registered due to cost, this is a good sign the breeder isn’t serious about their business.
  • Ask to see the parents of the Jack Russell pup if they are available
  • Ask how many puppies were in the litter. Are the Jack puppies you are being shown the same amount that was in the original litter. If not, what happened to the others? Were they sold? Did they die?
  • Ask how long they have been Jack Russell Terrier breeders
  • Ask how many Jack Russell liters they breed a year
  • Ask if they offer a guarantee. A reliable breeder can not guarantee that you will be able to register your Jack Russell pup or that it will be healthy. However, they can provide you with a guarantee of a refund or rebate, or take the dog back if the pup can not be registered or develops a serious illness within a year. Note: If you are not planning on showing or breeding your Jack Russell Terrier, then you don’t need to register your dog.
  • Ask to see the medical history of the liter. The Jack Russell you purchase should have a health certificate issued by the vet.
  • Ask to see the pedigree. Are there any problems with the Jack Russell’s lineage?
  • Find out if the Jack Russell comes with a complete Breeders Certificate and pedigree that is signed and includes 3 – 4 generations.

Other important aspects about choosing Jack Russell breeders include:

  • Do the Jack puppies and dogs look happy?
  • Do the Jack Russell’s look healthy?
  • Are the Jack Russell Terrier’s clean?
  • Is the Jack Russell breeders premise clean?
  • Does the Jack Russell match the breed standard?
  • Do they breed other dog breeds aside from Jack Russell’s?

Finally, any reputable Jack Russell Terrier breeder should be willing to answer any questions you might have. Furthermore, a good breeder will also want to ask you plenty of questions, to make sure you are suitable for the dog, and that their Jack Russell Terriers are going to a good home.

Choosing Jack Russell Puppies

If you decide to buy a Jack Russell puppy, it helps to know the breed standard to confirm whether or not the puppy you are interested in is healthy and happy. The following are features you should look for when purchasing Jack Russell Puppies.

Head – The head of a Jack Russell should be broad and flat, well balanced and proportioned to suit the body. The skull should narrow towards the eyes and be a reasonable width at the ears.

Ears – The ears are small and should be positioned forward close to the head. They resemble a V shape and are relatively thick. The skin inside the ears should be light pink and clean. The dog shouldn’t scratch his ears or shake his head frequently. This is a sign of infection.

Eyes – The eyes of Jack Russell puppies are almond shaped, dark, and have a look of intelligence and alertness. The eyes should be bright and clear and shouldn’t have any signs of mucus or appear watery. The eyelashes should not rub the eyeball, nor should the whites of the dog’s eyes be yellow.

Nose – Jack Russell’s have black noses. A good indication of a healthy dog is a cool, moist noise. There should be no thick, yellowish discharge coming from the nose.

Mouth – Jacks have strong muscular jaws and cheeks. They have strong, white teeth that form into a perfect scissor bite, with the top teeth slightly extending over the bottom. Keep in mind that Jack Russell puppies have fewer teeth then adults. Puppies have 23 teeth which they will gradually lose as their 42 permanent adult teeth come in.

Check to make sure that the puppy’s gums are healthy and that his breath is not foul smelling.

Body – Jack’s have shallow and narrow bodies. They have straight, strong backs, providing the Jack Russell with a balanced image. The loin is arched slightly.

Tail – Jack Russell’s carry their tails high and proud, and tails are usually about 4 inches in length.

Legs – The forelegs should be strong and straight in perfect alignment. The hind legs are muscular and strong and have good angulations and slightly bent stifles. When looking at them from behind, their hocks should be straight.

Feet – Jack Russell puppies have round, padded wide paws that do not turn outwards or inwards.

Gait – Jack Russell’s should easily move and appear lively when they walk. The legs should be well coordinated and the walk should be straight. Make sure when you select your puppy that you see his gait. This will help you see if he is favoring a leg, foot or any other problems associated with his overall balance.

Coat – The Jack Russell comes in three coat varieties: Smooth, Broken or Rough. Each provides the dog with a different look and requires different grooming. For the most part the coat provides Jack’s with protection from the elements. However, if you are interested in a rough or broken coated Jack, his coat shouldn’t appear wooly.

Color – White should be the dominant color of Jack Russell puppies, but the coat will likely also have black, brown or tan markings, particularly in the head region. Any other colorings are unacceptable in the breed if you intend on showing the dog.

Skin – The skin of a healthy Jack Russell should be smooth and have no growths, scabs, flakes or redness. If the puppy has spotted skin do not be alarmed, this is common in many dogs and is nothing to worry about.

Any reputable breeder will ensure that the Jack Russell puppies they are selling meet all of the above standards. You shouldn’t settle for anything less then the best. A puppy that isn’t healthy means plenty of vet bills, and heartache if he needs to be put down due to his illness.

Jack Russell Dogs – What You Need To Know

If you’re thinking about becoming a Jack Russell owner, you need to know every detail about the breed before you make any final decisions.

Don’t let actor dogs such as Eddie from the TV sitcom “Fraiser” mislead you into believing when you adopt a Jack Russell that is the type of dog he’ll grow into. Jack Russell Dogs demand plenty of your time and energy. If you are willing to commit to them, it is essential that you know what they are all about.

Here’s what you need to know about Jack Russell dogs:

Size – Jack Russell’s stand 13 – 15 inches high to the shoulders. They weigh about 13 – 17 pounds.

Temperament – Friendly, bold and brave. Jack Russell’s are highly intelligent, have a one-track-mind and are independent. He requires plenty of your attention.

Life Span – The average life expectancy of Jack Russell dogs is 13 – 15 years or longer.

Health – The Jack Russell is a healthy breed and is not prone to any major hereditary health defects. The one health concern that tends to appear in the breed is cataracts.

Grooming – Jack’s come in three different coat textures – Smooth, Broken and Rough. The smooth and broken coat requires minimal brushing during shedding season. The rough coat dogs, on the other hand, will need to be plucked on a regular basis. You can either learn to do this yourself, or you will need to take the dog to a professional groomer.

Social Skills – Jack Russell dogs are quite sociable and are usually friendly with everyone including strangers. They don’t mind children, but are not recommended for children younger than 6 years, as Jack’s will not tolerate being teased or unintentionally abused by children who don’t know how to play with them.

Home Life – Although small, Jack Russell’s are not good apartment dogs. They need plenty of exercise. This breed does well in the country or in a house that has a nice sized back yard. Think of a Jack Russell as a big dog in a little dog body.

Exercise – A Jack Russell is full of energy that never seems to run out! He needs to be exercised frequently throughout the day or he will find other ways to vent his frustrations. 2 – 3, 20 – 30 minute walks a day, plus playtime and the freedom to run around in the backyard keeps a Jack happy.

Note: Just make sure that when you are walking your Jack that he is on a leash. If you let him off the leash you run the risk of your dog running after a squirrel or other wild rodent. Should the rodent borrow under ground, the Jack Russell will pursue it and stay under until it catches it.

Training – Jack Russell dogs are easy to train because they are fast learners. That being said, they will also attempt to use their cleverness to try and do things his way. You need to be firm in your training, and don’t let his charming demeanor fool you.

Dog Group –The Jack Russell is apart of the terrier group in the American Kennel Club. Terriers are high energy and natural born hunters. These instincts always remain with the dog, so don’t forget his roots!

Other Pets – Jack Russell’s tend to socialize well with other dogs, but they often do not get along with cats, and should never be placed in a home with rodents. Therefore, if you have a hamster, gerbil, rabbit or any other rodent, a Jack Russell is out the question, as he will consider this animal fair game.

Note: Jack Russell Terriers do not get along well with the same sex of their own breed as they are extremely competitive.

First Time Dog Owner – A Jack Russell Terrier is not the breed for you. His high energy and intelligence will overwhelm you.