Jack Russell Training – A Friendly Ball of Energy

The Jack Russell Terrier is a happy, energetic dog breed. They are small in size, but their attitude and strength says otherwise. Jack Russell training is straight forward as they are extremely alert, bold and loyal. They have amusing personalities and their cleverness will astound you.

Jack Russell Terrier’s make a great companion for active individuals and families. They get along well with outsiders, and love to jump and bark.

The Jack Russell has won the hearts of many dog lovers all over the world.

Jack Russell Terrier History

Jack Russell’s have been around for about 200 years and originated in southern England. The Jack Russell Terrier was bred for fox hunting, particularly the European red foxes as Jack’s could also hunt them under ground.

The official name of the Jack Russell Terrier is the Parson Russell Terrier. Their official name came from Reverend John Russell, a famous British huntsman who was renowned for his use of terriers for his passion of fox hunting. The Reverend received the nickname “The Sporting Parson”. That is how his terriers that he bred earned the name Parson Russell’s.

“Jack Russell” was a term that was used and misused after the Parson’s passing. At this time, basically all hunting and working terriers became known as Jack Russells, and held little similarity to the original terriers bread by the Parson.

The Parson Russell Terrier has several distinctions that make them a cut above the average terrier. He has a compact chest that is long and flexible, a strong muzzle and head to hold the fox, and lengthy legs that allow him to keep up with hounds on the hunt.

Today’s Jack Russell Terrier is a credit to his origin, and the hunting instinct is well inbred into his nature.

A Brief Look at Jack Russell’s

The Jack Russell Terrier is extremely friendly, playful and boisterous. They have remarkable intelligence, and require the proper dominance training. In fact, their intelligence, while one of their more favorable characteristics, can also make them difficult to control at times.

Being a terrier, Jack’s naturally enjoy the great outdoors, and love to hunt. However, they also love to play games inside, and are just as happy playing fetch as they would be chasing after a squirrel.

Due to their limitless energy, the Jack Russell Terrier can be a handful, and this is another reason why properly training the breed is an absolute must. Furthermore, although they have a gentle and friendly temperament, they will not tolerate any abuse, even that which is unintentional, from children. Jack’s enjoy playing with children, but the child needs to understand how to play with the dog. For this reason, a Jack Russell Terrier is not recommended for families with young children under the age of 6.

The Jack Russell Terrier is a breed that is true to its roots. Therefore, you need to make sure you fully research Jack Russell’s before making the decision to make one apart of your family.

Finding the Right Jack Russell Terrier Breeders

Finding reputable Jack Russell Terrier breeders shouldn’t be a hard task, due to the breed’s popularity. The best place to look for breeders is to conduct a search online, and in your local or city newspaper. Ideal sites that would have breeder information include:

  • Your national kennel club
  • The Jack Russell Terrier club of your nation

You can also visit the site, phone or email your local human society or Jack Russell rescue place to find out if they have any dogs available.

Regardless of how you choose to locate Jack Russell Terrier breeders, the following are questions you should ask the breeder of your choice to make sure they are serious about breeding quality in their Jack Russell’s:

  • Ask the Jack Russell Terrier breeders if they are registered with the national kennel club or Jack Russell Terrier club. If they are not registered, why not? If they are not registered due to cost, this is a good sign the breeder isn’t serious about their business.
  • Ask to see the parents of the Jack Russell pup if they are available
  • Ask how many puppies were in the litter. Are the Jack puppies you are being shown the same amount that was in the original litter. If not, what happened to the others? Were they sold? Did they die?
  • Ask how long they have been Jack Russell Terrier breeders
  • Ask how many Jack Russell liters they breed a year
  • Ask if they offer a guarantee. A reliable breeder can not guarantee that you will be able to register your Jack Russell pup or that it will be healthy. However, they can provide you with a guarantee of a refund or rebate, or take the dog back if the pup can not be registered or develops a serious illness within a year. Note: If you are not planning on showing or breeding your Jack Russell Terrier, then you don’t need to register your dog.
  • Ask to see the medical history of the liter. The Jack Russell you purchase should have a health certificate issued by the vet.
  • Ask to see the pedigree. Are there any problems with the Jack Russell’s lineage?
  • Find out if the Jack Russell comes with a complete Breeders Certificate and pedigree that is signed and includes 3 – 4 generations.

Other important aspects about choosing Jack Russell breeders include:

  • Do the Jack puppies and dogs look happy?
  • Do the Jack Russell’s look healthy?
  • Are the Jack Russell Terrier’s clean?
  • Is the Jack Russell breeders premise clean?
  • Does the Jack Russell match the breed standard?
  • Do they breed other dog breeds aside from Jack Russell’s?

Finally, any reputable Jack Russell Terrier breeder should be willing to answer any questions you might have. Furthermore, a good breeder will also want to ask you plenty of questions, to make sure you are suitable for the dog, and that their Jack Russell Terriers are going to a good home.

Jack Russell Care – Maintaining A Healthy, Happy Dog

Thankfully, caring for your Jack Russell isn’t as challenging as training him. Because they aren’t prone to many health problems, and they don’t have a coat that requires constant, tedious grooming, the care you need to provide you Jack Russell to make sure he remains healthy and happy is relatively light.

Jack Russell Care Tips

Grooming – Grooming a Jack Russell isn’t difficult, regardless of the type of coat he has. A Jack requires the occasional currycomb to tidy up his short, rough coat, particularly during shedding season. If you give him a good comb or brush twice a week, this should suffice. You’ll discover he is pretty good at keeping himself clean.

Other Jack Russell care that is needed as far as grooming is concerned includes:

Bathing – You will want to give your Jack Russell a bath every 2 months to keep him clean.

Coat trimming – if your Jack has a broken coat he will need to be plucked (especially if he is a show dog) or trimmed with an electric clipper every 6 – 8 weeks. This is relatively easy to do, but if you are not up for the job, there are plenty of professional groomers who will do the job for you.

Nail clipping – you can either learn how to do this yourself or have a professional groomer or your vet do it.

Ears – Twice a month you should check your Jack Russell’s ears to make sure they are healthy and clean. There should be no foul odor, and the skin should be a pleasant pink.

Teeth – Jack Russell Terriers can and will get cavities and periodontal disease if their teeth are not taken care of. Introduce your Jack to teeth brushing at an early age. Also provide him with dentabones, as well as have his teeth cleaned professionally by the vet when needed.

Exercise – Your Jack Russell Terrier needs to be exercised regularly to allow him the opportunity to release his energy, and to prevent him from becoming overweight, which can lead to health problems.

Diet – Your Jack Russell needs to have a well balanced diet. This means putting him on regular food schedule and providing him with the recommended amount of food for his weight. The dog food bag will provide a food guideline based on the weight. However, you should seek the advice of your Jack’s vet to find out what’s best.

In addition, you should refrain from feeding your dog human food. This is because dog food has the nutritional balance your dog needs to stay healthy and strong. Human food can make Jack Russell’s overweight, causing health problems.

Vet – Quality Jack Russell care involves regular checkups at the Vet. Ensure that all of his shots are up to date, and every summer, make sure he is tested for heart worm, and then given heart worm pills to protect him from getting the illness.

Continuous Access to Clean Water – Your Jack Russell always needs to have access to clean water to stay hydrated. Clean water is important to make sure that your Jack Russell isn’t drinking water that contains bacteria or is dirty.

Safe Environment – Make your home hazard free. Think of your Jack Russell as a curious toddler. You need to keep him from finding any objects, foods, cleaning chemicals, electrical wires, or plants that pose a serious health risk to the dog. Keep items such as plants, sharp objects, and cleaning chemicals out of reach by placing them on high shelves, tables or counters, and make sure the floors are clean and free of any food.

You should also ensure that the garbage is never left out so curious doggies won’t get into mischief that could lead to possible choking or sickness from bad food or foods they are allergic too such as chocolate.

Jack Russell care should be a natural part of yours and your dog’s daily routine. Enjoy taking care of your Jack Russell as it is time you get to spend with him, and improves his quality of life.

Choosing Jack Russell Puppies

If you decide to buy a Jack Russell puppy, it helps to know the breed standard to confirm whether or not the puppy you are interested in is healthy and happy. The following are features you should look for when purchasing Jack Russell Puppies.

Head – The head of a Jack Russell should be broad and flat, well balanced and proportioned to suit the body. The skull should narrow towards the eyes and be a reasonable width at the ears.

Ears – The ears are small and should be positioned forward close to the head. They resemble a V shape and are relatively thick. The skin inside the ears should be light pink and clean. The dog shouldn’t scratch his ears or shake his head frequently. This is a sign of infection.

Eyes – The eyes of Jack Russell puppies are almond shaped, dark, and have a look of intelligence and alertness. The eyes should be bright and clear and shouldn’t have any signs of mucus or appear watery. The eyelashes should not rub the eyeball, nor should the whites of the dog’s eyes be yellow.

Nose – Jack Russell’s have black noses. A good indication of a healthy dog is a cool, moist noise. There should be no thick, yellowish discharge coming from the nose.

Mouth – Jacks have strong muscular jaws and cheeks. They have strong, white teeth that form into a perfect scissor bite, with the top teeth slightly extending over the bottom. Keep in mind that Jack Russell puppies have fewer teeth then adults. Puppies have 23 teeth which they will gradually lose as their 42 permanent adult teeth come in.

Check to make sure that the puppy’s gums are healthy and that his breath is not foul smelling.

Body – Jack’s have shallow and narrow bodies. They have straight, strong backs, providing the Jack Russell with a balanced image. The loin is arched slightly.

Tail – Jack Russell’s carry their tails high and proud, and tails are usually about 4 inches in length.

Legs – The forelegs should be strong and straight in perfect alignment. The hind legs are muscular and strong and have good angulations and slightly bent stifles. When looking at them from behind, their hocks should be straight.

Feet – Jack Russell puppies have round, padded wide paws that do not turn outwards or inwards.

Gait – Jack Russell’s should easily move and appear lively when they walk. The legs should be well coordinated and the walk should be straight. Make sure when you select your puppy that you see his gait. This will help you see if he is favoring a leg, foot or any other problems associated with his overall balance.

Coat – The Jack Russell comes in three coat varieties: Smooth, Broken or Rough. Each provides the dog with a different look and requires different grooming. For the most part the coat provides Jack’s with protection from the elements. However, if you are interested in a rough or broken coated Jack, his coat shouldn’t appear wooly.

Color – White should be the dominant color of Jack Russell puppies, but the coat will likely also have black, brown or tan markings, particularly in the head region. Any other colorings are unacceptable in the breed if you intend on showing the dog.

Skin – The skin of a healthy Jack Russell should be smooth and have no growths, scabs, flakes or redness. If the puppy has spotted skin do not be alarmed, this is common in many dogs and is nothing to worry about.

Any reputable breeder will ensure that the Jack Russell puppies they are selling meet all of the above standards. You shouldn’t settle for anything less then the best. A puppy that isn’t healthy means plenty of vet bills, and heartache if he needs to be put down due to his illness.

Preparing For The First Day With Your Jack Russell Puppy

Bringing a Jack Russell puppy home is very exciting, but you need to ensure that you are prepared for the new member of the family. This means knowing what to buy for the puppy and how to make your home safe. You want your Jack puppy’s first day in his new home to be an easy and comfortable transition for him.

What does your Jack Russell puppy need? Keep the following checklist in mind:

Collar – one that isn’t tight so it will be comfortable for the puppy

Leash – Find a leash that is retractable. This will allow you to control the amount of freedom you give your Jack Russell puppy when you walk him. This leash is also a good tool for training.

Food and water bowls – stainless steel is recommended as plastic bowls can be a breeding ground for bacteria.

Dog bed or pillow and/or blanket – you want your new Jack Russell puppy to be comfortable. Just make sure you pick him up the size that is necessary for his breed. Jack’s require small sized beds that are “18x”23, or small pillows “30 – “36.

Crate – If you think it is cruel to crate train a dog, you probably aren’t aware of the fact that all dogs are den animals by nature. This means they are happy in their own cozy place. A Jack Russell puppy that is properly crate trained will be able to fully relax in his own space, will be easy to transport, and stay out of trouble when you are not home. The standard crate size for a Jack Russell is “16 x “22. You may also purchase them a crate one size larger.

Food – While there are many different, good dog food brands available on the market, when you first bring your Jack Russell puppy home, you will want to feed him the same food he was being given by the breeder, rescue shelter, etc. You want to make the transition into a new home as easy for the puppy as possible. Providing him with the same food will help.

Treats – Every dog, regardless of his age loves a good dog treat. Treats can also help keep a new puppy happy. However, you shouldn’t feed your new puppy more than a couple of treats. The object is to make him feel happy, not to buy his love and attention with goodies.

Toys – Purchase a few chew toys, a ball and a small safe and durable plush toy for your new puppy. He may not be interested in the toys at first, but you should show him each one and let him examine them, so he knows they are his.

Hot water bottle – A Jack Russell puppy may find a hot water bottle comforting, especially if this is the first time it has been away from his mother. Place the water bottle under a towel or blanket and put it in the dog bed, so he can snuggle with it.

Name – Before your bring your puppy home, he needs a name. Take the time to sit down with your family and brainstorm dog names until you settle on one you like. Only call the puppy by his new name as soon as you get him, so he will grow familiar with the name.

Now that you know what you need to welcome your Jack Russell puppy into your home, the following are other aspects you should keep in mind to ensure that his welcoming is a smooth, easy process.

Free Your Calendar
The best time to bring home your Jack Russell puppy is at the beginning of a weekend. If you work, it is also a good idea to take off a few days and arrange to have him brought home then. This will give you adequate time to help your puppy adjust to his new home, make friends with him and start his training.

Get Everyone Involved
Make sure that everyone in the family is aware of the day that the Jack Russell will be arriving. Remind children to cool their excitement and make sure they understand that the puppy needs to adjust to his new home and surroundings. Teach them how to play or pick up the puppy gently, and tell them to leave the puppy alone when he is sleeping, or in his crate.

Introduce your Jack Russell puppy to other pets
If you have other pets (dog or cat) carefully introduce them to your new puppy. Let the animals check each other out and watch their behavior closely. You don’t want to overwhelm your puppy or endanger him due to a jealous pet. Note: Remember, Jack Russell’s are not compatible with all domesticated pets. If you own rodents, a Jack Russell is out of the question. In addition, some Jack’s are not cat friendly.

Don’t bring the Jack Russell home during a busy holiday
While the idea of buying a Jack for a birthday or Christmas present may sound like a sweet gesture, it is completely unreasonable and not fair to the dog. Busy holidays will be too much for a puppy to handle. There is too much commotion and people to allow the dog the transition time he needs.

Last but certainly not least, have fun with your new Jack Russell puppy. Pay him plenty of attention and affection. The more he feels like one of the family, the quicker he will adjust.

Jack Russell Training – Are You Up For the Challenge?
Becoming a Jack Russell owner means you are prepared to enroll both him and yourself into a proper training program. While every dog should be enrolled in obedience classes, this goes double for Jack Russell Terriers.

Jack Russell Rescue – Give A Dog A Second Chance

If you are interested in Jack Russell rescue, you need to understand that adopting one of these Jack’s is not entirely the same as purchasing a puppy from a breeder. This is due to the fact that Jack Russell Terriers at a rescue are usually adult dogs that have been abandoned, abused or given up by their original owners. Therefore, these dogs require owners who are familiar with the breed and know what they are getting into.

The following are answers to questions you may have regarding Jack Russell rescue:

Is there any reason why I shouldn’t rescue a Jack Russell?
If you have never owned a Jack Russell Terrier, you should think twice before adopting one from a rescue shelter. Jack Russell’s are high energy and hard to control. In fact, part of the reason why so many Jack Russells end up in rescue shelters is because owners can’t handle them and give them up.

Take time to carefully consider your decision. If you know you don’t have the lifestyle that compliments the breed, or the time or patience to give a Jack Russell, it wouldn’t be fair to yourself or the dog to adopt. Be responsible in your decision and know what you are getting into.

Where can I find a Jack Russell rescue?
The best place to look for a Jack Russell rescue is to conduct a search online or contact your local human society.

Does it cost money to adopt a Jack Russell Terrier?
Yes. There is a fee to adopt a Jack Russell. Rescues are volunteer associations. Therefore the cost of the adoption will likely provide the shelter with money to help them continue helping animals, as well as cover the vet bills of the jack you are adopting.

Can anyone adopt a Jack Russell?
No. The Jack Russell Rescue and Shelter will not hand over a Jack to anyone. All interested applicants must fill out an adoption form and will be properly screened to verify their suitability. For instance, some Jack Russell rescue shelters will decide if one of their dogs is right for you based on your:

Home life – where you live. If you live in an apartment or in the city with a small lot, the rescue may deem your living accommodations unsuitable for the breed.

Family – if you have children. Most rescues will not give one of their Jack Russell dogs to a family that has children under the age of 6

Pets – if you have other pets, such as a cat, rodent or another terrier of the same sex, the rescue shelter may be leery about granting you adoption, due to the nature of the Jack Russell breed.

Lifestyle – if you work a lot and won’t have the time to give the required attention and exercise to the Jack Russell, you may not be granted adoption.

Donations and Sponsoring
Finally, even if you can’t adopt a Jack Russell because of your inexperience, or lifestyle, you can give donations to the Jack Russell rescue or humane society. In fact, most rescues provide you with the option of sponsoring one of the Jack’s. Thus, although they will still care for the dog, your charity will go towards any medications or vet bills needed to treat the dog and keep him healthy. Note: Most donations given to recognized rescues and shelters are tax deductible.

Jack Russell Training – Are You Up For the Challenge?

Becoming a Jack Russell owner means you are prepared to enroll both him and yourself into a proper training program. While every dog should be enrolled in obedience classes, this goes double for Jack Russell Terriers.

Jack Russell Obedience Training

Of all the different Jack Russell training techniques you could teach your dog, obedience training is the most important. You’re in for plenty of trouble if you don’t take command and allow your Jack Russell to walk all over you.

Your Jack needs to know his place in your “pack”. He must see you as the pack leader or he will be impossible to control.

The following are some great obedience Jack Russell training tips:

Teach him young – You need to show your Jack Russell who is boss from the very moment you get him. The longer you wait to train your dog, the more difficult he will be to control. For instance, it isn’t fair to let a puppy get away with things like tugging on the leash, and then reprimand him for it when he gets older. He won’t understand what he’s doing wrong.

Be the master – Jack Russell training is about showing your dog where he stands in your family “pack”. You can help teach him you are the master by:

  • Walking through doors before him
  • Eating first before giving him his food
  • Being firm and consistent with your training and discipline

Respect their Intelligence – Jack Russell’s are an intelligent breed, and their cleverness should be respected. Provide them with challenges they’ll enjoy, and won’t become bored with.

Take advantage of their energy – Jacks are balls of energy, which can help make Jack Russell training more effective and fun for both of you. How? Think about it, you need to make your Jack want to do what you want him to do. Just like a child, you shouldn’t expect an enthusiastic response unless it is something fun and interesting to do. If you can’t keep your pup’s attention, you are only wasting your time and his.

Give them your time and attention – Obedience training requires plenty of your time and energy, but it’s the only way you will show your Jack you mean business as you enjoy spending time with him. Plus, the more time you spend with your dog, the more you will pick up on his habits and deter bad ones from growing.

Short attention span – Don’t forget that a Jack Russell puppy’s attention span last only seconds. Therefore, you need to make sure in the beginning that training isn’t only consistent but also shorter. Have 5 – 10 minute training sessions with your dog, and then play with him. As your Jack becomes older, his attention span will improve, and you will be able to have longer training sessions of up to 30 minutes.

Overall Jack Russell Training Tips

House breaking – House breaking (training the dog to do his business outside) should begin the first day you introduce your puppy into his new home.

Puppy kindergarten – This is beginner training for your Jack. Think of it as a warm up before real obedience training. In puppy kindergarten, your Jack will learn basic training skills in a relaxed and less rigid environment that won’t demand too much of his attention.

Obedience class – Your Jack should be enrolled in an obedience class as soon as he reaches the required age (usually between 4 and 6 months). Check the requirements of your local dog obedience school.

Be consistent with your training – Don’t change the method in which you give commands to your dog, because you will only confuse him and he won’t understand. For example, don’t change the words you use when giving a command. Avoid statements like “come here” and use only one word commands such as “come” to make it easier for your dog to learn. Moreover, make sure everyone in the family uses the same consistency your Jack as learned.

Be Firm When Discipling – When you discipline your Jack, be firm but gentle. Let him know you won’t tolerate his misbehavior, and continue to teach him until he gets it right. It’s in the Jack’s nature to try your patients and outwit you. Stand your ground, and the Jack will know who’s boss. Note: Never hit your dog when disciplining!

Praise, Praise, Praise! – Give your Jack praise every time he performs a command correctly.

Jack Russell Terrier that is properly trained is confident and HAPPY! If you want a dog that is loving, loyal and sociable he needs to be trained. Training is the only guide your dog has to life. It isn’t cruel, as some people believe; it’s what the dog needs in order to develop healthy characteristics that make him a credit to his breed.

Jack Russell Dogs – What You Need To Know

If you’re thinking about becoming a Jack Russell owner, you need to know every detail about the breed before you make any final decisions.

Don’t let actor dogs such as Eddie from the TV sitcom “Fraiser” mislead you into believing when you adopt a Jack Russell that is the type of dog he’ll grow into. Jack Russell Dogs demand plenty of your time and energy. If you are willing to commit to them, it is essential that you know what they are all about.

Here’s what you need to know about Jack Russell dogs:

Size – Jack Russell’s stand 13 – 15 inches high to the shoulders. They weigh about 13 – 17 pounds.

Temperament – Friendly, bold and brave. Jack Russell’s are highly intelligent, have a one-track-mind and are independent. He requires plenty of your attention.

Life Span – The average life expectancy of Jack Russell dogs is 13 – 15 years or longer.

Health – The Jack Russell is a healthy breed and is not prone to any major hereditary health defects. The one health concern that tends to appear in the breed is cataracts.

Grooming – Jack’s come in three different coat textures – Smooth, Broken and Rough. The smooth and broken coat requires minimal brushing during shedding season. The rough coat dogs, on the other hand, will need to be plucked on a regular basis. You can either learn to do this yourself, or you will need to take the dog to a professional groomer.

Social Skills – Jack Russell dogs are quite sociable and are usually friendly with everyone including strangers. They don’t mind children, but are not recommended for children younger than 6 years, as Jack’s will not tolerate being teased or unintentionally abused by children who don’t know how to play with them.

Home Life – Although small, Jack Russell’s are not good apartment dogs. They need plenty of exercise. This breed does well in the country or in a house that has a nice sized back yard. Think of a Jack Russell as a big dog in a little dog body.

Exercise – A Jack Russell is full of energy that never seems to run out! He needs to be exercised frequently throughout the day or he will find other ways to vent his frustrations. 2 – 3, 20 – 30 minute walks a day, plus playtime and the freedom to run around in the backyard keeps a Jack happy.

Note: Just make sure that when you are walking your Jack that he is on a leash. If you let him off the leash you run the risk of your dog running after a squirrel or other wild rodent. Should the rodent borrow under ground, the Jack Russell will pursue it and stay under until it catches it.

Training – Jack Russell dogs are easy to train because they are fast learners. That being said, they will also attempt to use their cleverness to try and do things his way. You need to be firm in your training, and don’t let his charming demeanor fool you.

Dog Group –The Jack Russell is apart of the terrier group in the American Kennel Club. Terriers are high energy and natural born hunters. These instincts always remain with the dog, so don’t forget his roots!

Other Pets – Jack Russell’s tend to socialize well with other dogs, but they often do not get along with cats, and should never be placed in a home with rodents. Therefore, if you have a hamster, gerbil, rabbit or any other rodent, a Jack Russell is out the question, as he will consider this animal fair game.

Note: Jack Russell Terriers do not get along well with the same sex of their own breed as they are extremely competitive.

First Time Dog Owner – A Jack Russell Terrier is not the breed for you. His high energy and intelligence will overwhelm you.